On 28 May 2019, MSPs (Members of the Scottish Parliament), overwhelmingly backed a bill to ban the smacking of children.
The bill had been put forward by Green MSP John Finnie and was designed to give children the same legal protections from assault as adults.
MSPs approved the bill by by 80 votes to 29. The Conservatives voted against the bill.
Some opponents to the bill argued that it interfered with family life and could see parents prosecuted for disciplining their children.
The bill will now go before a committee at Holyrood to be considered in more detail. The draft legislation will go before MSPs again before it is passed into law.
Family Law Inverness commented, “Currently in Scotland, parents are able to claim a defence of “justifiable assault” when smacking their child. However, the use of an “implement” in any punishment is banned, as is shaking or striking a child on the head. The bill would end that defence, meaning Scottish parents could face prosecution for smacking their children. There have been huge changes in society and people have been campaigning for many years for Scotland’s law makers to ban smacking. “
A recent Guardian article has reported a very steep rise in child labour, slavery and exploitation.
In 2017, more than 5,000 potential victims of slavery and exploitation were reported to the UK authorities. This was the highest number ever reported in a single year in the UK.
Of these 5,000 potential victims, a staggering 41% of those reported were children under the age of 18. Most of these reports were connected to suspected drug trafficking or child sexual exploitation. Other reports included suspected forced labour and even suspected organ harvesting.
Victoria Atkins, the minister for crime, safeguarding and vulnerability, said, “We know there is more to do, and we are working to improve the system for identifying victims and supporting them to leave situations of exploitation and begin to recover and rebuild their lives.”
It is believed that the NCA’s wide reaching campaign against modern slavery and an increased public awareness of the signs of modern slavery have resulted in more people coming forward to the authorities with their suspicions.
Anyone who suspects that a child is a potential victim of child labour, exploitation or modern slavery is encouraged to make a report to http://www.nationalcrimeagency.gov.uk/.
It has been reported that a child has died in an accident at Drayton Manor theme park in Staffordshire.
The 11-year-old schoolgirl was on a trip with classmates when she fell from the Splash Canyon ride at the theme park.
Police and HSE have launched an investigation into how such a tragic accident could occur.
A spokesperson from Personal Injury Lawyers Cardiff has commented, “Incidents like this are tragic and although theme parks have many safety provisions in place, sadly accidents like this do happen.”
This incident follows other high profile theme park accidents such as the accident on The Smiler ride at Alton Towers. In this accident, 16 people were left suspended in the air and 4 people were left seriously injured. One of the girls involved had her leg amputated following the accident.
Theme parks have high safety standards, but recent incidents have shown that tragic accidents can happen.
Every parent sends their child off to school hoping that their child will be well looked after and kept safe through out the day.
When a teacher or other school employee looks after your child they are said to be acting ‘in loco parentis.’ This is a latin term which translated as ‘in place of a parent.’
There are an endless list of circumstances under which a child can be injured at school. They may suffered a slip, trip or fall in the playground due to a spillage that has failed to be attended to or a hazard such as unsafe flooring which has not been rectified.
Accidents can of course happen anywhere and at any time, but if the school failed to take reasonable precautions to make the space safe for the children, they may be held liable for injuries that occur on school grounds.
When someone has been injured in an accident it is natural to wonder how much compensation the injured party may be entitled to. This can be a very difficult question to answer as there are so many different factors which can contribute to the settlement that an injured party is awarded. You can find out more information about how to make a claim and how much you may be able to claim from a personal injury expert.
Forced marriage of children is a huge problem across the world and even within the UK.
The International Research Centre on Womens’ Rights has estimated that 33% of girls in the developing world are married before the the age of 18. Child marriage is most common in Sub-Saharan and Western Africa as well as Asia.
Child marriage creates many problems. It removes girls from their homes, families and communities at a young age. This can leave them in a vulnerable position and at risk of harm and abuse. It can also interupt their schooling and reduces their ability to enter the workforce. The effects of child marriage can be devastating for boys as well as girls.
UK law, and international law, makes it very clear that forced marriage of children is a fundemental restriction of their human rights. Article 16(2) of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights (UDHR) stipulates that: Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.
At such a young age, it is impossible for children to consent to a marriage.
UNICEF have also reported that marriage of children is most prevalent within the most deprived communities.
Astoundingly, child marriage occurs within the UK. The UK Government set up the Forced Marriage Unit (FMU) to tackle these issues and help to protect children. Legislation has also been brought into force to help prevent forced marriages of vulnerable people, known as Forced Marrriage Protection Orders.
Anyone effected by these issues can contact a family or child rights lawyer for assistance.
The BBC has reported that the European Court of Justice has backed the UK government’s stance on the right that EU migrant children have to claim benefits.
The UK government argued that EU migrants in the UK who are not working should not be entitled to benefits if they did not have the right to stay in the UK. This view was supported by the European Court of Justice who ruled that the measure was lawful on the grounds of protecting public finances.
The European Court of Justice’s decision was met by differing reactions. Vote Leave, the official campaign for the UK to leave the European Union, argued that the UK should not have to seek verification of a domestic benefits policy by the European institutions and many backed the court’s decision.
On the other hand, many people believe that the UK government should be doing all that they can to help the migrants who come to the UK.
It is estimated that in the year ending 2015, total net migration to the UK was 330,000.
Europe is in the midst of a migration crisis. In 2015, over 350,000 Syrian nationals applied for refuge in the EU. The numbers seeking refugee status from Syria were almost double that of any other nation. The war in Syria is the main driving force behind this as people risk all to make the other life threatening journey to Europe.
Children and mothers with young babies are of particular concern. Many children travel alone and international aid organisations are worried about the safety and well being of these children once they reach Europe.
For this reason, many believe that the UK should be allowing more migrant children to come to the UK. Many people also believe that the UK should help to ensure the well being of economically inactive EU national families by allowing them to claim benefits.
Child Rights Net brings you the latest legal news and updates on how children’s rights are being protected in law across the world. We also provide commentary on women and mother’s rights.
All human rights apply to children as they would to adults, but special legislation has been created to protect the rights of children. The foundation stone of children’s rights throughout the world is the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. This is also known as the UNCRC. This is an international charter that sets out the human rights that every child must have protected in law. To date, 194 countries have signed up to the UNCRC, making it one of the most ratified conventions in the world.
There are many organisations which work to facilitate the rights set out in the UNCRC. These include governmental organisations such as UNICEF and NGOs such as Save the Children and Child Rights International Network (CRIN). These bodies work to promote children’s rights, research the application of children’s rights and improve the living conditions of children and mothers throughout the world.
We will be bringing you news and updates on the work of these organisations and on how children and mothers’ rights are being applied in countries throughout the world.